When Van Gogh arrived in Arles in February 1888 fruit trees in the orchards were about to bloom. The blossoms of the apricot, peach and plum trees motivated him, and within a month he had created fourteen paintings of blossoming fruit trees. Excited by the subject matter, Van Gogh completed nearly one painting a day. Around April 21 Van Gogh wrote to Theo, that he “will have to seek something new, now the orchards have almost finished blossoming.”
Van Gogh intended the three orchard paintings, The pink orchard, The white orchard and The pink peach tree, to go together.